Top 10 Programming Languages for Data Science Career

The diverse discipline of data science necessitates a wide range of skills, from programming to machine learning to mathematics and statistics. The growth of data science and machine learning has swept the globe. There is a significant demand for data scientists, and it will only grow. However, data scientists require a particular set of abilities and knowledge of a few programming languages. Beginners in data science could find it intimidating. It’s not as difficult as it may appear if you know where to start. 


Data science programming languages let you build models that enable prediction by allowing you to extract value from your data easily. Knowing which languages work best for different jobs is crucial. You can register in the top data science course in Chennai, if you want to become proficient in programming languages required for data science projects. 


This article will examine some of the most widely used data science programming languages now used by data scientists to help you choose the best tool for the job. 

What is Data Science?

Data science is the use of scientific procedures, methods, algorithms, and systems to examine and interpret data in various formats. In order to derive insights, uncover hidden meaning, and uncover new knowledge, data science focuses on synthesizing, predicting, and explaining patterns observed in massive data sets.


Leaders in the field and data scientists use their statistics and machine learning proficiency to glean knowledge from data. They can use various technologies to examine huge databases, such as posts on social media, medical information, transactional data, and more. The position calls for a deep understanding of data science tools like Hadoop, Spark, and SAS and languages like Python or R.

Where do I begin with data science?

The study of data is very popular right now. Big Data and major trends in data science are topics of conversation everywhere, yet it’s not always clear how to enter this field. The following advice will help you start your path if you’re interested in pursuing a career in data science:


Master the fundamentals of programming: 


Although there are many different kinds of careers in data science, almost all of them require some programming knowledge. Thus, having at least a fundamental understanding of programming is crucial before entering this field. It’s unnecessary to be an expert programmer or be familiar with a particular language. Yet, it’s beneficial to be aware of what programming entails and the kinds of issues that programmers run into when generating code for applications if you want to work as a programmer or analyst for most firms. Start with learning Python, which is the greatest language for data science.

Best Programming Languages for Data Science

Data scientists have access to powerful computing devices. They allow us to do operations on, analyze, and display our data sets that would be impossible to do manually. To learn everything there is to know about data science, check out the online data science course in Mumbai. Programming is crucial to data science, but numerous programming languages are available. So, what language is needed for data science? The top nine programming languages that data scientists should be familiar with are listed below:


  • Python

Any software can be created using the general-purpose programming language Python. For data research, it ranks among the best programming languages. Python is renowned for its easy readability, portable programming, and simple syntax. Developers favor it since it is open-source and compatible with all significant platforms. Many resources are available to assist you in getting started with Python because it is simple to learn and has a sizable developer community. Professional data scientists can also use it because it is powerful enough.

  • SQL (Structured Query Language)

One of the most frequently used programming languages worldwide is SQL. It is a declarative language for working with databases that enables you to build queries to draw data from your sets. Learning SQL early in your data science path is a good idea because it is used in practically every business. By using a terminal window or embedded scripts in other software applications like word editors or web browsers, SQL instructions can be interactively executed.


  • R

R is a statistical programming language frequently used for data visualization, statistical analysis, and other types of data manipulation. Data scientists increasingly use R due to its simplicity and versatility in handling complicated analyses on massive datasets. Additionally, R language data science offers many packages for machine learning algorithms like linear regression, k-nearest neighbor algorithm, random forest, neural networks, etc., making it a popular option for businesses looking to integrate predictive analytics solutions into their business operations. For instance, dozens of R packages are currently accessible, enabling you to forecast weather trends and analyze financial markets effortlessly!

  • Julia

Julia is a crucial language for data science that aspires to be straightforward yet effective, with syntaxes like MATLAB or R. Julia also comes with an interactive shell that enables quick code testing without requiring concurrent program writing. Large-scale datasets can benefit from it because it is also quick and memory-efficient. This enables you to concentrate on the problem without worrying about type definitions, which makes coding considerably faster and more natural.


  • JavaScript

A computer language called JavaScript is used to create websites and web apps. Since then, it has become the most widely used language for creating client-side web applications. Because it can be used for everything from straightforward animations to intricate artificial intelligence applications, JavaScript is renowned for its adaptability.

  • Scala

Scala has emerged as one of the most popular languages for use cases in AI and data science. Scala has frequently been referred to as a hybrid data science language between object-oriented languages like Java and functional ones like Haskell or Lisp because it is statically typed and object-oriented. Functional programming, concurrency, and fast performance are just a few of the aspects that make Scala a desirable option for data scientists.

  • Java

Java is a concurrent, class-based, object-oriented, general-purpose programming language created to have as few implementation dependencies as feasible. Java is, therefore, the best programming language for data science. It is meant to enable “write once, run anywhere” (WORA), which refers to the ability of compiled Java code to execute on any systems that support the Java virtual machine (JVM) or JavaScript engines. However, all JVMs might not be able to execute code that employs platform-dependent capabilities since they are not required to include those features.


MATLAB is a high-level language and interactive environment for numerical computing, visualization, and programming. For data science, many different languages are needed. MATLAB enables matrix operations, data and function visualization, algorithm implementation, user interface design, and software extension. Creating programs that analyze massive amounts of data using MATLAB becomes possible. The term “MATLAB” stands for matrix laboratory in abbreviated form.


  • C/C++

Computer apps are created using the general-purpose programming language C/C++. It is a low-level language for high-performance applications like games, web browsers, and operating systems. In addition to being widely utilized in the development of applications, 

C/C++ is also employed for numerical computations.

You can quickly and effectively handle massive amounts of data using the best data science coding language. The full data science workflow, from exploration to modeling and visualization, should be supported by them. They should also be simple to use and have many features. The most crucial aspect of data science is a programming language. In order to handle complicated problems, programmers construct analytical models and algorithms.

  • SAS programming

This data science programming language was created specifically for corporate operations and the computerization of complex mathematics. Many businesses choose SAS to complete their duties because it has been around in the data science sector for some time. The disadvantage of SAS is that, in contrast to Python and Java, using it requires a license. SAS falls short of Python and R language in terms of accessibility, just like MATLAB did. This creates a barrier to entry for new customers and businesses, who are more likely to select more user-friendly languages, like Java or C++.


Data science is a field that is expanding quickly and in high demand. Every company requires data scientists to acquire a competitive edge in the market. However, this blog post has covered everything if you want to follow this area and are looking for the best data science programming languages to get started. Check out Learnbay’s data science course in Pune if you want the highest chance of succeeding in data science field.